… most of them wildly improbable… (Lesson36)
… only an exceptionally heavy snowfall… (Lesson37)
… their husbands are infinitely resourceful… (Lesson46)
单词注释：wildly adv. 极度地;野生地，鲁莽地
exceptionally adv. 分外地;异常地，例外地
infinitely adv. 极其地，无限地
我们再来说一个常见的形容词“奇怪的”，在高中的班级里我做了很多次试验，学生们脱口而出的有 ‘strange’, ‘weird’，然后课堂上就静默了。其实在不同的语境下“奇怪”这个词应该有不同的理解。我们来看看新概念三册中的这些“奇怪”：
… this can give rise to curious situation… (Lesson4)
… oddly shaped forms… (Lesson18)
… These peculiar forms… (Lesson18)
… a lovable eccentric… (Lesson31)
… outlandish stuff… (Lesson52)
… weird concoction… (Lesson52)
单词注释：curious adj. 古怪的;好奇的
oddly shaped 奇形怪状的
peculiar adj. 奇怪的，特殊的
eccentric adj. 古怪的 n. 怪人
outlandish adj. 古怪的，异国风情的
weird adj. 古怪的，不可思议的
再来聊聊大家的老朋友“大”，大家常用的词汇包括 ‘big’, ‘large’, ‘huge’, ‘great’…这些词从学习英语开始就如影随形，不离不弃。在写作中使用这些词汇，会显得词汇匮乏，重复单一。下面这些来自新概念中的词汇可能会给你一些提示：
… at a fantastic speed… (Lesson6)
… Titanic was a colossal ship… (Lesson10)
… take considerable interest in…(Lesson19)
… the bewildering amount ofinformation… (Lesson38)
… cause untold suffering toindividual… (Lesson45)
… the computer giant, IBM… (Lesson51)
… a monstrous piece ofnegligence… (Lesson58)
单词注释：fantastic adj. 极大的;奇异的;极好的，极出色的
colossal adj. 巨大的，庞大的;非常的
considerable adj. 相当大的;可观的
untold adj. 巨大的;无限的
giant adj. 巨大的 n. 大亨，巨人
monstrous adj. 巨大的;怪异的
接下来，从短语的层面来和大家分享新概念三册中的优质表达。提到“吸引”，大家会如何去表达呢?常见的有两个结构：‘sth. attract sb.’ or ‘sb. be interested in sth.’. 其实很多的英语词汇和短语都可以表达这个含义，而且各自具有不同的内涵。例如第9课'Flying cats'中第一句话“猫总是引起人们的极大兴趣”，作者这样来表达 'Cats never fail to fascinate human beings.'。当我们用'sth. fascinate sb.'这个结构来表达某物对某人的吸引时，通常强调一种无法抗拒的吸引。这个用法在34课中得到了升级。文章的第一句话“古玩店对很多人来说有一种特殊的魅力”，作者这样来表述：'Antique shops exert a peculiar fascination on a great many people.'。短语 'sth. exert a fascination onsb.'同样翻译为“某物吸引某人”且此种吸引常常无法抗拒。相比第9课中的短语，34课中的这个结构进一步扩展了句子的长度，而且用到了名词优选原则，更加精彩。此外在23课和41课中，作者用 'sth appeal to sb.'来表达相同的含义：'The idea never appealed tome very much...' (Lesson23);'The quiet life of the country has never appealed to me.' (Lesson41)。
Children alwaysappreciate small gifts of money. Mum or dad, of course, provide aregular supply of pocket money, but uncles and aunts are always asource of extra income.
作者分别使用 'small gifts of money', 'pocket money' 以及 'a source of extra income'来表达“零花钱”。其中，在字典中可以查到的，只有'pocketmoney'。'small giftsof money'是作者站在孩子的角度对零花钱的一种理解，孩子们喜欢得到零花钱并把它们视作礼物。'a source of extra income' 是作者从钱的来源对零花钱的一种理解。每逢节日，孩子们会收到除父母之外的长辈所给的零花钱，对于孩子们讲，这些收入是一种额外的惊喜。
A good Friday evening
We had a good evening on Friday.After a meal at a very good Italian restaurant, We went to see a goodfilm. I liked it because the actors were all so good and the plot was a goodone as well. Afterwards we were in such a good mood that we decided tovisit some good friends of ours and tell them all about our evening.
We had a enjoyable eveningon Friday. After a meal at a very romantic Italian restaurant we went to a powerful film. I liked it becausethe actors were all so well-behavedand the plot was an originalone as well. Afterwards we were in such a cheerful mood that we decided to visit some close friends of ours and tellthem all about our evening.
enjoyable adj. 令人愉快的，有乐趣的
romantic adj. 浪漫的;不切实际的
powerful adj. 有权威的，有影响的;强大的
well-behaved adj. 表现好的
original adj. 新颖的;独创的;原始的
cheerful adj. 欢乐的，愉快的
close adj. 亲密的;紧密的
So great is our passion for doing things for ourselves, that we are becoming increasingIy less dependent on specialized labour. No one can plead ignorance of a subject any longer, for there are countless do-it-yourself publications. Armed with the right tools and materials, newlyweds gaily embark on the task of decorating their own homes. Men, particularly, spend hours of their leisure time installing their own fireplaces, laying out their own gardens; building garages and making furniture. Some really keen enthusiasts go so far as to build their own computers. Shops cater for the do-it-yourself craze not only by running special advisory services for novices, but by offering consumers bits and pieces which they can assemble at home. Such things provide an excellent outlet for pent up creative energy, but unfortunately not all of us are born handymen.
Some wives tend to believe that their husbands are infinitely resourceful and can fix anything. Even men who can hardly drive a nail in straight are supposed to be born electricians, carpenters, plumbers and mechanics. When lights fuse, furniture gets rickety, pipes get clogged, or vacuum cleaners fail to operate, some women assume that their husbands will somehow put things right. The worst thing about the do-it-yourself game is that sometimes even men live under the delusion that they can do anything, even when they have repeatedly been proved wrong. It is a question of pride as much as anything else.
Last spring my wife suggested that I call in a man to look at our lawn mower. It had broken down the previous summer, and though I promised to repair it, I had never got round to it. I would not hear of the suggestion and said that I would fix it myself. One Saturday afternoon, I hauled the machine into the garden and had a close look at it. As far as I could see, it only needed a minor adjustment: a turn of a screw here, a little tightening up there, a drop of oil and it would be as good as new. Inevitably the repair job was not quite so simple. The mower firmly refused to mow, so I decided to dismantle it. The garden was soon littered with chunks of metal which had once made up a lawn mower. But I was extremely pleased with myself. I had traced the cause of the trouble. One of the links in the chain that drives the wheels had snapped. After buying a new chain I was faced with the insurmountable task of putting the confusing jigsaw puzzle together again. I was not surprised to find that the machine still refused to work after I had reassembled it, for the simple reason that I was left with several curiously shaped bits of metal which did not seem to fit anywhere. I gave up in despair. The weeks passed and the grass grew. When my wife nagged me to do something about it, I told her that either I would have to buy a new mower or let the grass grow. Needless to say our house is now surrounded by a jungle. Buried somewhere in deep grass there is a rusting lawn-mower which I have promised to repair one day.
Pollution is the price we pay for an overpopulated, over industrialized planet. When you come to think about it, there are only four ways you can deal with rubbish: dump it, burn it, turn it into something you can use again, attempt to produce less of it. We keep trying all four methods, but the sheer volume of rubbish we produce worldwide threatens to overwhelm us.
Rubbish, however, is only part of the problem of polluting our planet. The need to produce ever-increasing quantities of cheap food leads to a different kind of pollution. Industrialized farming methods produce cheap meat products: beef, pork and chicken. The use of pesticides and fertilizers produces cheap grain and vegetables. The price we pay for cheap food may be already too high: Mad Cow Disease (BSE) in cattle, salmonella in chicken and eggs, and wisteria in dairy products. And if you think you'll abandon meat and become a vegetarian, you have the choice of very expensive organically-grown vegetables or a steady diet of pesticides every time you think you're eating fresh salads and vegetables, or just having an innocent glass of water!
However, there is an even more insidious kind of pollution that particularly affects urban areas and invades our daily lives, and that is noise. Burglar alarms going off at any time of the day or night serve only to annoy passers-by and actually assist burglars to burgle. Car alarms constantly scream at us in the street and are a source of profound irritation. A recent survey of the effects of noise revealed (surprisingly?) that dogs barking incessantly in the night rated the highest form of noise pollution on a scale ranging from 1 to 7. The survey revealed a large number of sources of noise that we really dislike. Lawn mowers whining on a summer's day, late-night parties in apartment blocks, noisy neighbors, vehicles of all kinds, especially large container trucks thundering through quiet village, planes and helicopters flying overhead, large radios carried round in public places and played at maximum volume. New technology has also made its own contribution to noise. A lot of people object to mobile phones, especially when they are used in public places like restaurants or on public transport. Loud conversations on mobile phones invade our thoughts or interrupt the pleasure of meeting friends for a quiet chat. The noise pollution survey revealed a rather spurring and possibly amusing old fashioned source of noise. It turned out to be snoring! Men were found to be the worst offenders. It was revealed that 20% of men in their mid-thirties snore. This figure rises to a staggering 60% of men in their sixties. Against these figures, it was found that only 5% of women snore regularly, while the rest are constantly woken or kept awake by their trumpeting partners. Whatever the source of noise, one thing is certain: silence, it seems, has become a golden memory.
但是，还有一种更加隐蔽有害的污染，它专门影响城镇地区，侵袭我们的日常生活，那就是噪音。防盗警报器在白天和黑夜的任何时候都会响起来，它的作用只是骚扰过路行人，而实际上却帮助窃贼入室行窃。在街上，汽车的防盗警报不断对我们吼叫，这是人们极度烦燥的一个原因，最近一个有关噪音的作用的调查(令人吃惊地)指出，夜间连续不断的狗叫声，在一个从1级至7级刻度表上应列为最严重的噪间污染。这个调查揭示了我们所不喜欢的大量的噪间的来源：夏天呜呜作响的割草机，公寓楼里深夜聚会的喧哗声，大声吵闹的邻居，各式各样的车辆，特别是穿越寂静的村庄的集装箱卡车，从头顶飞过的飞机和直升机，被带到公共场所、音量开到的大功率收音机。新技术也为噪音作了它的贡献。许多人都反对移动式电话，特别是在如饭店，公共交通车等公共场所使用移动电话。用移动电话大声交谈干扰我们的思路，破坏我们和朋友在一起轻声聊天所得到的乐趣。这个有关噪音的污染调查还揭示了一种出人意外而同时可能会引人意外而同时可能会引人发笑的老式噪音源。它竟然是鼾声。人类是这方面的罪魁祸首。调查指出，20%的35岁左右的男人打鼾;而到 60岁这个年龄段，这个数字上升到令人惊愕的60%。与这些数字相比，只有5% 的女性经常打鼾;而其余则经常被与她们同睡、像吹号似地打着呼噜的男人吵醒或弄得睡不着。不管噪声来自何方，有一点是肯定的：看来寂静已变成一种珍贵的回忆。
★ lessons 28~30新概念英语第三册课后答案详解
★ 新概念英语三册课后练习答案lessons 19~21
★ 新概念英语第三册第17课:The longest suspension bridge in the...