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天下分享 3074

天下 分享



1、People become quite illogical when they try to decide what can be eaten and what cannot be eaten.

come to 涉及, 谈及(常和 when 连用) When it come to sth When it come to doing sth

-- When it comes to politics I know nothing. 谈到政治, 我一无所知。

-- He never complains when it comes to helping his wife with the house work. 当谈及到帮妻子做家务活这件事的时候, 他从来不抱怨。

2、If you lived in the Mediterranean, for instance, you would consider octopus a great delicacy.

for instance = for example adv.例如

consider sth (to be) sth

3、You would not be able to understand why some people find it repulsive.

4、On the other hand, your stomach would turn at the idea of frying potatoes in animal Fat-- --the normally accepted practice in many northern countries.

On the other hand 在另一方面(转折连词)

一些 at 介词短语表示:当…就… 一…就…

at the idea of = at the thought of 一想到就…

at the sight of 一看到就…,

at the mention of 一提到就…,

at the news of 一听到什么的消息就

at the touch of 一碰到就…,

at the sound of 一听到什么的声音就…

-- I was glad at thought of getting something to eat.

-- I always love at the mention of ghost story.

Practice n.组织或个人的惯例性的做法、办事方式

-- It is now quite common practice for married women not to take their husband’s second name.


-- the practice of closing shops on Sunday

-- My practice to studying English is to read every day.

Habit n.个人的习惯、习性

-- Early to bed and early to rise is a good habit. 早睡早起是个好习惯。

Custom n.社会的习惯、风俗

-- the custom of giving present at Christmas

-- Social custom vary greatly form country to country. 不同的国家有不同的社会习俗。

5、The sad truth is that most of us have been brought up to eat certain foods and we stick to them all our lives.

That 引导表语从句, 说明 truth 的内容。

bring up v.抚养, 教育, 培养(常用被动语态, 表示自小到大)

-- Joe is born in England, but brought up in France.

-- She was brought up to believe that money is the most/great important thing in life.

-- I’ve been brought up to eat fish, just because my mother is fond of fish as well.

-- He has been brought up to eat frying potatoes just because his parents are fond of that.

-- He gave much attention to bring up his children. Stick to = keep to = not give up stick to the decision / stick to the idea / stick to the plan

-- We decided to stick to our previous plan.

-- I made my decision and I am going to stick to it. Insist on doing sth. = Persist in doing sth. 坚持做某事

6、No creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail.

= The common garden snail often receives more praise and abuse than other creature. 比较级表达高级:

-- Nobody is more beautiful than you.

-- He is more intelligent than anyone else in my class.

7、Cooked in wine, snails are a great luxury in various parts of the world.

cooked 过去分词做定语, 与 snail 构成被动关系。

8、There are countless people who, ever since their early years, have learned to associate snails with food.

Countless(adj.无数的, 数不尽的)= numerous(adj.众多的, 许多的, 无数的)

Associate sth with sth 把某物和某物联系在一起

9、My friend, Robert, lives in a country where snails are despised.

People there don’t consider snails to be a great delicacy

10、As his flat is in a large town, he has no garden of his own.

Has no garden of his own 没有自己的庭院

11、For years he has been asking me to collect snails from my garden and take them to him.

12、The idea never appealed to me very much, but one day, after a heavy shower, I happened to be walking in my garden when I noticed a huge number of snails taking a stroll on some of my prize plants.

The idea never appealed to me very much. = The idea never interested me very much.

happen to do 偶然, 碰巧

-- I happened to out when he called.

-- We both happened to be traveling on the same plane. happen / chance

-- It happened that I was out when he called. = It happened that I was out when he called.

When 表示正在这时突然(常与过去进行时、过去完成时连用, 位于句中)

-- He was having a bath when the telephone suddenly rang.

-- We were about to start when it rained. taking a stroll 现在分词做定语修饰 snail snails taking a stroll = snails that were taking a stroll

13、Acting on a sudden impulse, I collected several dozen, put them in a paper bag, and took them to Robert.

on a sudden impulse 一时的冲动

-- Acting on a sudden impulse, she went shopping to buy several dresses.

14、Robert was delighted to see me and equally pleased with my little gift.

= Robert was not only delighted to see me but also pleased with my little gift.

Be delighted to do

Be pleased with sth

15、I left the bag in the hall and Robert and I went into the living room where we talked for a couple of hours.

I had forgotten all about the snails when Robert suddenly said that I must stay to dinner. Snails would, of course, be the main dish.

16、I did not fancy the idea and I reluctantly followed Robert out of the room.

Fancy(vt.爱好)= like

Reluctant(adj.不愿意的, 勉强的)= unwillingly(adv.不愿意地, 不情愿地)

To our dismay, we saw that there were snails everywhere: they had escaped from the paper bag and had taken complete possession of the hall!

Dismay n.灰心, 沮丧; 惊愕

to our dismay 使我们惊愕的是

take possession of v.占有, 占领

-- The solider take possession of enemies’ fort.(fort n.堡垒, 要塞)

-- terrorist(n.)

embassy(n.大使馆人员, 大使馆)

-- The terrorists took possession of the embassy.

17、I have never been able to look at a snail since then.


1、We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years.

How 引导宾语从句

has some terrible secret = has a skeleton in the cupboard = has a skeleton in the closet 家丑 which 引导的定语从句修饰

secret seemingly adv.表面上地(= from appearance)

-- a seemingly respectable person 表面上受人尊敬的人

2、The English language possesses a vivid saying to describe this sort of situation.

Possess = own = have got

to describe this sort of situation 来描述这种场景(做定语用来修饰 saying)

-- The English language possesses a vivid word to describe her beauty.

3、The terrible secret is called‘a skeleton in the cupboard’.

4、At some dramatic moment in the story, the terrible secret becomes known and a reputation is ruined.

Some 某一个(修饰单数可数名词)= a certain Ruin vt.毁坏, 毁灭(泛指概念, 表示毁坏的过程不是一下完成的) = spoil vt.搞糟, 宠坏 v.扰乱

-- The rain ruined my holiday. = The rain spoiled my holiday.

Destroy vt.破坏, 毁坏 v.消灭, 摧毁(完全摧毁, 不可修复)

-- To tell the patient the truth is to risk destroying his hope.

-- The earthquake destroyed almost the entire city.

Damage vt.损害, 损坏, 使受损失(可以被修复)

-- The car is damaged and it is be repairing now.

5、The reader's hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine, a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody, had, in her youth, poisoned every one of her five husbands.

one’s hair stands on end 某人感到毛骨悚然 = sb feel horrified (adj.带有恐怖感的, 惊骇的)

-- My hair stands on end. 我感到毛骨悚然

set/make one’s hair stands on end 使某人感到毛骨悚然

-- horrid adj.恐怖的, 令人讨厌的, 可怕的

-- The horrid film really make my hair stands on end.

in her youth 在她年轻的时候

everyone (单独用 every 和 one 连在一起)

every one of (与 of 搭配 every 和 one 要分开)

6、It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction.

It is all very well…but… 好到是好, 但是…

-- It is all very well for you to suggest taking a few days’ rest, but how can finish our work in time?

-- It is all very well for them to ask me to do it, but I am too busy.

Occur vi.发生, 出现(某个事件出乎意料的、偶然的发生)

-- 比 happen 更正式

-- When did the accident occur? It occurred to me to do… / It occurred to me that…

-- It occurred to me to open the window.

Happen vi.发生, 碰巧, 偶然(某个事件出乎意料的、偶然的发生)

-- When did the accident happen?

Take place v.发生, 举行(事件根据安排而发生、举行)

-- When will the wedding take place?

7、To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn, but few of us have skeletons in the cupboard.

To varying degrees 从不同的角度来讲…

Which 引导定语从句, 修饰 secret。

Learn 得知、了解某个事实 / 学习某种知识、技能

-- She is learning computers. 她正在学习电脑。(动态动词)

Know 知道某个事实 / 具有某种知识、技能 / 了解某个人(状态动词, 不能用进行时)

-- She knows about computers. 她懂电脑。

The only person I know who has a skeleton in the cupboard is George Carlton, and he is very proud of the fact. George studied medicine in his youth.

8、Instead of becoming a doctor, however, he became a successful writer of detective stories.

Instead of doing… 表示相反、没有、取而代之的是…

-- Instead of sleeping at home, he went shopping.

9、I once spent an uncomfortable weekend which I shall never forget at his house.

Which 指代 uncomfortable weekend

Shall 的用法:

1> (过去时 should)(shall 可缩写为 'll , shall not 常缩写为 shan't [FB:nt], 美国人常用 will 代 替)

2> [用于主语为第一人称单复数, 表示单纯将来] 将要, 会

-- I shall be forty on my next birthday. 到下次生日, 我就满四十岁。

-- We shall be on holiday at this time next week. 我们将于下星期这个时候度假。

-- I shall ring you up as soon as I arrive. 我一到就给你打电话。

3> [用于陈述句第二、三人称, 表示说话者的意图、警告、命令、决心等, 主语的行动受讲话者支配] 必须, 应, 可

-- He shall go. 他可以去。

-- You shall have an answer by tomorrow. 到明天你可以得到答复。

-- He shall have a bicycle for his birthday. 他可以得到一架自行车作为生日礼物。

-- She shall not enter my house again. 她不得再进我家。

4> [在问句中, 征 询对方对于主语行动的意见(提供帮助, 提出建议、要求给予指示和征求意 见), 主要用于第一、三人称]... 好吗? 要不要...?

-- Shall I carry your bag ? 我帮你拿手提包, 好吗?

-- Shall he come to see you ? 要不要他来看你?

5> [用于第三人称, 在条约、规定、法令等文件中表示义务或规定]应, 必须

-- No reader shall remove a book from the library without consent of the librarian. 非经管理员同意, 读者不准把书带出图书馆。

-- The National Party Congress shall be convened every five years . 党的全国代表大会每五年举行一次。

6> [在表示意图、要求等的从句中] 应该, 要

-- I wish that you shall stay at home tonight. 我希望今晚你留在家里。

-- You say you will not do it, but I say you shall do it. 你说你不做这事, 但是我说, 你非做不可。

7> [用于将来时态的间接引语, 与直接引语中的 shall 相应]将

-- He says that he shall [will] be glad to see you. (=He says, “I shall be glad to see you.”) 他说他将乐意来看你。

10、George showed me to the guestroom which, he said, was rarely used.

Show/lead sb to… 带领某人进入…

Which 指代 guestroom was rarely used = was little used

rarely adv.很少地, 罕有地

little adv.很少 n.少许 adj.很少的

11、He told me to unpack my things and then come down to dinner. After I had stacked my shirts and underclothes in two empty drawers, I decided to hang one of the two suits I had brought with me in the cupboard.

12、I opened the cupboard door and then stood in front of it petrified.

stand in front of sth petrified 站在…前, 目瞪口呆

-- We stood petrified as we felt the earthquake began.

Frighten vt.使惊吓(在某个特定的场合受到惊吓)

-- I was frighten by a large dog.

Terrified adj.恐惧的, 受惊吓的(表示惊吓的程度非常强烈)

-- I was terrified when the tiger went towards me.

Afraid adj.害怕, 担心(表示一种状态, 永久性的恐惧)

-- The girl is afraid of mouse.

13、A skeleton was dangling before my eyes.

14、The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.

gave me the impression that… 给某人以…的印象

that 引导同位语从句, 进一步说明 impression 的内涵。

-- He gave me the impression that he will help me every day. Be about to do sth 表示即将、就要(暗示动作即将发生)

-- I was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.

-- We were just about to leave when you telephoned.(多与 when 连用)

leap out at sb 跳出来扑向某人

15、Dropping my suit, I dashed downstairs to tell George.

This was worse than‘a terrible secret’; this was a real skeleton!

But George was unsympathetic.

16、‘Oh, that, ’he said with a smile as if he were talking about an old friend.

As if 引导虚拟语气

17、That's Sebastian. You forget that I was a medical student once upon a time.’

Sebastian n.塞巴斯蒂安(古罗马的殉道者, 一般被刻画为裸体青年)


1、One of the most famous sailing ships of the nineteenth century, the Cutty Sark, can still be seen at Greenwich.

One of the most famous… 的…之一

2、She stands on dry land and is visited by thousands of people each year.

Dry land 陆地 Each year = every year = per year

-- The aeroplane stands on dry land and is visited by thousands of people each year.

3、She serves as an impressive reminder of the great ships of the past.

Serve as = act as 担任, 充当, 起...作用

impressive reminder of… 给人留下深刻的印象, 并使人回忆起…

4、Before they were replaced by steamships, sailing vessels like the Cutty Sark were used to carry tea from China and wool from Australia.

Replace (vt.) = take place of Steamship n.汽船, 轮船 sailship = sailing ship = sailing vessel n.帆船

5、The Cutty Sark was one of the fastest sailing ships that has ever been built.

6、The only other ship to match her was the Thermopylae.

Match = be equal to 与…相匹敌, 相比

Match in/for

-- No form of transport can match aeroplane for speed and comfortable.

-- Transport n.交通工具, 运输系统, 运输, 运送

-- The hotel can't be matched for service and food. 这家旅馆服务和食物是无与伦比的。

-- No clothing can match your dress for beauty. 没有哪件衣服能和你的这条裙子相比。

To match her 做定语修饰 ship

7、Both these ships set out from Shanghai on June 18th, 1872 on an exciting race to England.

-- The two planes set out form New York on an unforgettable race.

Forgettable adj.容易被忘的, 可忘记的

Unforgettable adj.忘不了的, 令人难忘的

8、This race, which went on for exactly four months, was the last of its kind.

Which 指代 this race, 引导非限定性定语从句。

-- The operation, which lasted two weeks, proved to be very difficult.

9、It marked the end of the great tradition of ships with sails and the beginning of a new era.

Ships with sails = sailing ship = sailing vessel n.帆船

Mark the end of… 标志着…的结束

10、The first of the two ships to reach Java after the race had begun was the Thermopylae, but on the Indian Ocean, the Cutty Sark took the lead.

= After the race had begun, the first of the two ships to reach Java was the Thermopylae,…

take the lead 处于地位 / lose the lead 失去地位

in the lead 处于地位(表示状态)

take over the lead 取得地位

11、It seemed certain that she would be the first ship home, but during the race she had a lot of bad luck.

It seem certain that…

She had a lot of bad luck = she was unlucky

12、In August, she was struck by a very heavy storm during which her rudder was torn away.

Be struck by a very heavy rain/storm 严重的遇到了雨/雪

Be caught in the rain/snow 遇到了雨/雪

During(介词)用于关系代词 which 之前

Tear away = destroyed = pull down (摧毁, .

13、The Cutty Sark rolled from side to side and it became impossible to steer her.

It became impossible (for captain) to steer her

14、A temporary rudder was made on board from spare planks and it was fitted with great difficulty.

It = the temporary rudder Fit = equip(vt.装备)

15、This greatly reduced the speed of the ship, for there was a danger that if she travelled too quickly, this rudder would be torn away as well.

There was a danger that + 同位语从句

16、Because of this, the Cutty Sark lost her lead.

Lost her lead 失去地位

17、After crossing the Equator, the captain called in at a port to have a new rudder fitted, but by now the Thermopylae was over five hundred miles ahead.

Call in at = (船)停靠, (人)拜访

-- He calls in at his friend’s home every week.

To… = in order to… = so as to… 目的是…

Have sth done Be now 到如今 = so far 到目前为止

18、Though the new rudder was fitted at tremendous speed, it was impossible for the Cutty Sark to win.

At tremendous speed = at fantastic speed = at enormous speed

19、She arrived in England a week after the Thermopylae.

20、Even this was remarkable, considering that she had had so many delays.

-- We should forgive him considering that he was ill badly

Remarkable adj.不平常的, 非凡的, 值得注意的, 显著的

Unusual adj.不平常的, 与众不同的, 不寻常的

Uncommon adj.不平常的, 不平凡的, 罕有的, 难得的

Extraordinary adj.非常的, 特别的, 非凡的


-- forgive vt.原谅, 饶恕

-- Considering his age, the little boy reads very well. 就他的年龄来说, 这小孩读得算挺好的。

21、There is no doubt that if she had not lost her rudder she would have won the race easily.

There is no doubt that… = without any doubt

-- There is now doubt that he is guilty. 毫无疑问他是有罪的。

There is some doubt wh-…

-- There is some doubt whether he is guilty. 难以肯定他是否有罪。


-- If the houses of parliament had not been burned down, the Big Ben would never have been erected.(vt.使竖立, 使直立, 树立, 建立)


-- If you talked less and ate more we would both enjoy our dinner.


1、No one can avoid being influenced by advertisements.

= Advertisements always exerts influence on everybody.

No, avoid双重否定

-- No students can avoid being influenced by their teachers.

2、Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want, for advertising exerts a subtle influence on us.

Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste,…

= Although we may pride ourselves on our good taste very much,…

引导让步状语从句的词有:though, although, as

用as引导让步状语从句时, 句子要采用倒装形式:(adj./adv./n./v.要用在as之前)

1> adj.+ as +主语+谓语

-- Rich as he is, he is not happy. 他虽然有钱, 但是他不幸福。

-- Tired as I was, I tried to help them.

2> adv.+ as +从句

-- Much as I like you, I will not marry you.

-- Much as I hate do it, I must stay home and study English.

3> v.+ as +主语+阻动词

-- Try as they may, they will never success.

-- Object as my parents may, I decide to do it.


3、No one can avoid being influenced by advertisements.

= Advertising exerts a subtle influence on us.

4、In their efforts to persuade us to buy this or that product, advertisers have made a close study of human nature and have classified all our little weaknesses.

Effort n.努力, 成就(需要耗费精神或体力的事情, 不可数名词)

-- It took a lot of effort to lift the box.

-- A great deal of effort has gone into this exhibition.

Effort n.努力(可数名词)

Make every effort

-- We are making every effort to study English.

In one’s effort to do 为了干好某事

-- The company is selling off some of its buildings in their efforts to save money.

-- sell off 廉价卖清

-- In their effort to study English well, they spend a lot of time every day.

本句= Advertisers make every effort in order to sell their products.

Close adj.谨慎的, 彻底的, 严格的

Make a close(careful) study of… 对…做了仔细的研究

5、Advertisers discovered years ago that all of us love to get something for nothing.

Discover = find out

Get something for nothing = get something free

-- Free adj.adv.免费的

6、An advertisement which begins with the magic word FREE can rarely go wrong.

Wrong adv.错误, 不对

-- You've spelt the word wrong. 你把这个单词拼错了。

-- get it wrong 弄错(意思), 误会

-- go wrong弄错, 变坏了

-- The Big Ben rarely goes wrong.

7、These days, advertisers not only offer free samples, but free cars, free houses, and free trips round the world as well.

these days n.现在, 目前

Not only…but…as well

8、They devise hundreds of competitions which will enable us to win huge sums of money.

Devise vt.设计

-- They have devised the best way to have the party.

Enable sb to do sth 使某人能够做某事

-- Hard work will enable us to pass the examination, otherwise, no way.

9、Radio and television have made it possible for advertisers to capture the attention of millions of people in this way.

Make it possible for sb to do sth

-- His few material possessions make it possible for him to move form place to place with ease.

-- ease n.容易, 不费力 n.舒适, 悠闲

-- The money he won made it possible for him to make a tour around the world.

Capture the attention of sb

= catch / receive / arrest / draw the attention of sb

10、During a radio programme, a company of biscuit manufacturers once asked listeners to bake biscuits and send them to their factory.

11、They offered to pay $10 a pound for the biggest biscuit baked by a listener.


12、The response to this competition was tremendous.

response = reaction 反应

13、Before long, biscuits of all shapes and sizes began arriving at the factory.

Before long(不久以后)= soon(adv.立刻, 不久)= shortly(adv.立刻, 不久)

biscuits of all shapes, biscuits of all sizes

shoes of all sizes

14、One lady brought in a biscuit on a wheelbarrow. It weighed nearly 500 pounds.

15、A little later, a man came along with a biscuit which occupied the whole boot of his car.

Occupy(vt.占有, 拥有, 占领, 占据)= take up 占据

16、All the biscuits that were sent were carefully weighed.

The largest was 713 pounds. It seemed certain that this would win the prize.

We (人称代词)后能加sure, 也能加certain(we are sure that…)

It后只能加certain(It is certain that…)

17、But just before the competition closed, a lorry arrived at the factory with a truly colossal biscuit which weighed 2, 400 pounds.

Close = end

Colossal adj.巨大的, 庞大的

18、It had been baked by a college student who had used over 1, 000 pounds of flour, 800 pounds 20 of sugar, 200 pounds of fat, and 400 pounds of various other ingredients.

It was so heavy that a crane had to be used to remove it from the lorry.

Remove(vt.vi.拿走, 撤走, 除去)= unload(vt.卸货, 卸下)

19、The manufacturers had to pay more money than they had anticipated, for they bought the biscuit from the student for $24, 000.

than they had anticipated = than they had expected


1、It has been said that everyone lives by selling something.

It is said that… 据说…

Live by = to make enough money to feed oneself

Live by… 以某种职业为生

Live on… 依靠某种食物维持生命, 或靠某人生活。

-- Sheep and cows live on grasses.

-- He lives chiefly on fruit. (Chiefly adv.首要, 主要地)

-- Though he is over thirty, he still lives on his parents.

2、In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge, philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort.

In the light of… 按照, 根据, 考虑到, 从...的观点

In the light of = according to = taking into account

-- The theory has been abandoned in the light of modern discovery.

-- In the light of the evidence it was decided to take the manufacturers to court.(n.法院, 庭院)

In accordance with... 依照…(用在法律上, 更加正式)

-- In accordance with the law

-- In accordance with the regulation (n.规则, 规章)

3、Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us.

in terms of 按照, 在...方面, 就…而言, 关于

-- He thinks of every thing in terms of people’s interests.(n.利益)


In terms of

= in respect of(关于, 就…来说), with respect to(关于, 至于, 谈到)

= in/with regard to(关于), as regards(关于, 至于)

4、There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a high fee for offering us precisely this service.

There are times when… 有的时候…

Would表达一种心理的愿望, 并不表示过去。

-- There are time when we would willingly give everything we possess to bring our family happiness.

Grudge vt.吝啬, 不愿给, 勉强给(后面要和名词和动名词搭配)

-- I grudge wasting time on this. 我不愿在这件事上浪费时间。

-- He grudge paying so much money for such bad food.

5、The conditions of society are such that skills have to be paid for in the same way that goods are paid for at a shop. Everyone has something to sell.

The conditions of society are such = Such are the conditions of society

6、Tramps seem to be the only exception to this general rule. Beggars almost sell themselves as human beings to arouse the pity of passers-by. But real tramps are not beggars.

7、They have nothing to sell and require nothing from others.

Require sth from…

In seeking independence, they do not sacrifice their human dignity.

In seeking independence = In the course of seeking independence

In和动名词搭配, 表示在…的过程当中。

-- In speaking to him, I found that he stammers.(v.口吃, 结巴着说出)

On和动名词搭配, 表示一…就…

-- In crossing the hall, I noticed my shoes was undone.(adj.脱去的, 解开的, 放松的)

在进入大厅的时候, 我注意到我的鞋带松了。

-- On crossing the hall, I noticed my shoes was undone.

一进入大厅的时候, 我就注意到我的鞋带松了。

8、A tramp may ask you for money, but he will never ask you to feel sorry for him.

He has deliberately chosen to lead the life he leads and is fully aware of the consequences.

Fully = completely

9、He may never be sure where the next meal is coming from, but he is free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people.

be free from… 不受…的影响, 免于...(= without)

-- The old lady is never free from pain.

-- free from error 没有错误, free from anxiety 没有忧虑

-- He is leading a life free from care and anxieties.

Care(n.烦恼, 忧虑) anxiety(n.忧虑, 焦急, 渴望, 热望)

10、His few material possessions make it possible for him to move from place to place with ease.

Make it possible for sb to do sth

11、By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature than most of us ever do.

12、He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even, in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom.

keep oneself alive 为了生存

13、We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care?

With +名词(表示具有、带有)

-- How many of us can honestly say that we wouldn’t like to learn English well?


1、Small boats loaded with wares sped to the great liner as she was entering the harbour.

Small boats sped to the great liner(主干)

Loaded with 装载, 运载= filled with

-- The boat was loaded with wooden goods.

Loaded with wares为过去分词做定语修饰boats(= that was loaded with wares)

Speed v.迅速驶向

-- Speed down hill 向山下疾驶 / Speed up hill 向山上疾驶

Speed by迅速驶过

-- Our holiday speed by. 我们的假期迅速过去。

2、Before she had anchored, the men from the boats had climbed on board and the decks were soon covered with colourful rugs from Persia, silks from India, copper coffee pots, and beautiful handmade silverware.

The men (coming) from the boat 小船上的人们

-- a plane (coming) from New York

on board 在船上, 在公共交通工具内

be covered with 盖着, 覆着

handmade adj.手工的, 手制的

3、It was difficult not to be tempted.(双重否定)

-- It was difficult/impossible not to be tempted by the beautiful shoes.

4、Many of the tourists on board had begun bargaining with the tradesmen, but I decided not to buy anything until I had disembarked.

Tradesman n.零售商, 工匠

bargain with sb 和某人讨价还价

on board 介词短语修饰tourists


-- 我决定回家之前什么都不做I decided to do nothing until I had got home.

-- They didn’t reach the school until they had already passed by two village.

5、I had no sooner got off the ship than I was assailed by a man who wanted to sell me a diamond ring.

had no sooner…than… (no sooner位于句首要倒装)

I had no sooner got off the ship than = no sooner had I got off the ship than


-- as soon as / the moment that / on doing

-- had no sooner…than… / had hardly…when…

I had no intention of buying one, but I could not conceal the fact that I was impressed by the size of the diamonds.

I have no intention of doing 不打算做某事

-- I have no intention of changing my mind.

-- He said has no intention of looking for another job.

The fact that(that引导的是同位语, 不能换成which)

I could not conceal the fact that… 我不能隐藏…事实

-- He could not conceal the fact that he was taken in.(take in 欺骗)

impress vt.留下印象

be impressed by/at/with… 被…深深打动/感动

-- I was most impressed by his behavior.

What impressed me most was… 给我印象最深的是…

-- What impressed me most was the beauty here.

Impression n.印象

Make/create a bad impression on sb. 给某人留下不良的印象

-- If you don’t work hard, it will make a bad impression on the boss.

Make/create quite an impression on sb. 给某人留下极深的印象

-- Your speech makes quite an impression on me.

Impression n.印, 印痕

-- The dog left the impression of his paws in the wet cement.(n.水泥)

-- He made a deep impression in the glass.

6、Some of them were as big as marbles.

As…as… 象…一样

-- As strong as horse / as white as snow

The man went to great lengths to prove that the diamonds were real.

Length n.长度, 长

go to great(considerable, any) lengths to do… 竭尽全力做…

-- He go to great lengths to pass the examination.

Real adj.真实的(以实际或真实状态存在或发生的)

-- real objects 真的物件 / a real illness 真的疾病

-- real people 真实的人 / a real problem一个真实的问题

-- a film based on real life 一部以真实生活为基础的影片

Real adj.天然的, 非人工或假造的(= Genuine)

-- This ring is real gold. = This ring is genuine gold. 这枚戒指是真金的。

Genuine(adj.正品的非伪造的, 非假冒的)

反义词:Fake(adj.伪造的, 捏造的 n.捏造者, 冒牌货, 赝品)

-- Is this a genuine vase? No, it is a fake.

True adj.真实的(与事实或现实一致的、相符合的)

-- Only parts of his story are true.

反义词:False adj.虚伪的, 假的(与真理或事实相反的)

-- false tales of bravery. 不真实的英勇故事

7、As we were walking past a shop, he held a diamond firmly against the window and made a deep impression in the glass. It took me over half an hour to get rid of him.

Pass = by 走过

It take sb sometimes to do sth. 某事花费某人多少时间

-- It took me two months to read the book.

Get rid of 摆脱, 除去

Cure vt.治愈

-- to cure a patient 治愈病人

-- I hope the doctor can cure the pain in my shoulder. 我希望医生能治好我肩上的疼痛。

Get rid of = cure

-- I have tried all sorts of medicine to get rid of this cold.

Get rid of = pay off 还清

-- He can never get rid of his debts.

Get rid of = wash off 洗刷掉(stain n.污点, 瑕疵)

-- He thought I can never wash off this stains.

8、The next man to approach me was selling expensive pens and watches. I examined one of the pens closely. It certainly looked genuine.

The next man to approach me 第二个走近我的人

9、At the base of the gold cap, the words‘made in the U. S. A.’had been neatly inscribed.

At the base of… 在…的低部

10、The man said that the pen was worth £50, but as a special favour, he would let me have it for £30.

as a special favor 做为一种特殊的优惠

for 出…价钱

tradesman n.零售商, 工匠

As a special favor, the tradesman would let me have the watch for £20.

11、I shook my head and held up five fingers indicating that I was willing to pay £5.

Indicating… 意思是说… (现在分词做状语)

I held up ten fingers indicating that I was willing to pay $10.

12、Gesticulating wildly, the man acted as if he found my offer outrageous, but he eventually reduced the price to £10.


Act as if… 行为、举止好象…(as if = as though)

-- He acted as if he has never lived in England before.

Outrageous adj.令人不能容忍的, 令人震惊的, 令人愤慨的

Eventually adv.最后, 终于(= at last)

Shrugging my shoulders, I began to walk away when, a moment later, he ran after me and thrust the pen into my hands.


13、Though he kept throwing up his arms in despair, he readily accepted the £5 I gave him.

Keep doing sth. 不断地做某事

in despair 绝望的

readily(adv.乐意地, 欣然, 容易地) = willingly(adv.心甘情愿的, 欣然的, 自愿的)

14、I felt especially pleased with my wonderful bargain ---- until I got back to the ship.

Be pleased with = be satisfied with 对...感到满意

15、No matter how hard I tried, it was impossible to fill this beautiful pen with ink and to this day it has never written a single word!

No matter how = however(conj.不管用何种方法 adv.无论如何)

fill with 使充满

to this day = up to now = until now = till now = so far 到现在为止, 迄今


1.新概念英语第三册第44课:Speed and comfort

2.新概念英语第三册第35课:Justice was done

3.新概念英语第三册第36课:A chance in a million

4.新概念英语第一册第41-42课:Penny's bag


6.新概念英语第二册第74课:Out of the limelight


8.新概念英语第四册第20课:Snake poison

9.新概念英语第二册第71课:A famous clock

10.新概念英语第四册第11课:How to grow old