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天下分享 3077

天下 分享



1、The salvage operation had been a complete failure.



My examination is a complete failure.

Their experiment had been a complete failure.

2、The small ship, Elkor, which had been searching the Barents Sea for weeks, was on its way home.


定语从句。Which 指代 the small ship, Elkor

3、A radio message from the mainland had been received by the ship’s captain instructing him to give up the search..

=The captain had received a radio message from the mainland instructing him to give up the search.。


背熟这句话。在这句话中,instructing 进一步说明 a radio message 的内容。

instruct sb. to do sth. 指示命令某人做某事(在第五课已经学过)

the editor sent a fax to the journalist instructing him to get statistics.


4、The captain knew what another attempt would be made later, for the sunken ship he was trying to find had been carrying a precious cargo of gold bullion.

make (another) attempt 再一次尝试


5、Despite the message, the captain of the Elkor decided to try once more.


dispite = in spite of

try once more 代替 make another attempt 为了避免重复

6、The seabed was scoured with powerful nets and there was tremendous excitement on board when a chest was raised from the bottom.


Searching the seabed need a lot of time and energy. 所以我们用的动词是 scour ,语气要比seach 强烈。

重点掌握 there was tremendous excitement

在正式的书面语中,我们常用 there is tremendous excitement 这个结构。但是在口语中,我们还是直接采用形容词 excited.

People on board felt excited.

There was tremendous excitement before the game.

7、Though the crew were at first under the impression that the lost ship had been found, the contents of the sea-chest proved them wrong.


under the impression = thinking that 认为

I’m under the impression that he is the manager of the store.

He is under the impression that you’ll help him.

8、What they had in fact found was a ship which had been sunk many years before.


由 what 引导的主语从句。

注意课文中出现的两个形容词 sunk 和 和 sunken 。

用 做定语只用 sunken. 而过去分词的普通用法, 既可以用 sunk 也可以用 sunken, 一般来讲用sunk.

The ship had sunk.

a sunken ship

9、The chest contained the personal belongings of a seaman, Alan Fielding.

箱子里装着一个 Alan Fielding 海员的私人物品。

personal belongings 个人所属物品

10、There were books, clothing and photographs, tighter with letters, which the seaman had once received from his wife.


together with 还有

He together with his classmate went to the zoo and they enjoyed themselves.

11、The captain of the Elkor ordered his men to salvage as much as possible from the wreck.


salvage as much as possible = salvage as much as they could

Nothing of value was found, but the numerous items which were brought to the surface.


nothing of value = valuble

Very much interesting = of great interest 极有意思的

Of great importance = of great significance 非常重要的

of no consequence = of no importance 无足轻重的

of no interest 没有意思

numerous = countless

12、In another sea-chest, which contained the belongings of a ship’s officer, there was an unfinished letter which had been written on March 14 th ,1943.

在另一只箱子有装着一位海军军官的东西。有一封 1943 年 3 月 4 日未写完的信件。

本句的主干是In another sea-chest, there was an unfinished letter which had been written on

March 14 th ,1943.

Which(指代 chest )contained the belongings of a ship’s officer = there were the belongings of ship officer in the chest

13、The captain learnt from the letter that the name of the lost ship was the Karen.


learn form 从……得知

The most valuable find of all was the ship’s log book, parts of which it (形式主语)was still

possible to read.


Which 在句中指代log book ,而it 是形式主语,句子可以变成 parts of the log book it was still possible to read. 进而变成 it was still possible to read parts of the log book.

14、From this the captain was able to piece tighter all the information that had come to light.


that had come to light. 做定语从句修饰 information

Come to light = become known = emerge 被公开,被发现(不及物动词短语,要用主动语态)

The secret came to light after his death.

bring sth. to light = review 把……公布于众

The two brothers review the secret.

The two brothers brought the secret to light.

15、The Karen had been sailing in a convoy to Russia when she was torpedoed by an enemy submarine.


in a convoy 护航

under a convey 被护航

This was later confirmed by a naval official at the ministry of defense after the Elkor had

returned home.


confirmed = made sure

this 指代“The Karen had been sailing in a convoy to Russia when she was torpedoed by an enemy submarine.”


1、We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong .


when 引导的定语从句修饰 days

Every dog has its day. 每个人都有飞黄腾达的日子。

2、A day may begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to get out of control.


get out of control = uncontrollable = beyond control 失控

everything seems to get out of control = everything seems to be uncontrollable / beyond control

3、What invariably happens is that a great number of things choose to go wrong at precisely the same moment.


由 what 引导的主语从句。

invariably = always

What happened yesterday was that he couldn’t deal with the hot potato. 昨天发生的事就是他没


precisely = exactly

4、It is as if a single unimportant event set up a chain of reactions.


a chain of reactions = a series of reactions

it is as if 似乎看起来

it seems as if 似乎看起来

it looks as if 似乎看起来

set up = cause 引起,导致,造成

What set up the accident / trouble?

set up(= create) 创立,建立

set up a world record 创立一个世界记录

The unimportant event is the prelude to trouble. 不重要的事情是麻烦事的前奏。

5、Let us suppose that you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same time.


keep an eye on the baby 照料孩子

keep an eye on = look after = take care of

Please keep an eye on my house while I am out.

keep one’s eyes open 睁大眼睛

When I am out, please keep your eyes open.

have an eye to (如果用动词 have 就一定要跟介词 to 搭配)

keep an eye to the baby = keep one’s eyes on the baby

eye for eye 以牙还牙

have eyes only for 只要,只爱

I have eyes only for you.

look sb. in the eyes 两眼直视某人

Don’t look me in the eyes. 不要直直地盯着我看。

eye to eye with sb. 与某人看法完全一致

I invariably eye to eye with my sister. 我总是与我的姐姐看法一致。

turn a blind eye to sth. 对……视而不见

He even turns a blind eye to me.

make eyes at sb. 含情脉脉地看着某人

The boy is making eyes at his girlfriend.


1、Antique shops exert a peculiar fascination on a great many people.


Exert a peculiar fascination on sb 对某人有一种特殊的魅力

Antique shops appeal to a great many people. 古玩店很吸引人。

Shoe shops exert a peculiar fascination on a great many ladies.


The more expensive kind of antique shop where rare objects are beautifully displayed in glass cases to keep them free from dust is usually a forbidding place.


2、The more expensive kind of antique shop is usually a forbidding place.


Where 引导的定语从句修饰 antique shop

Rare objects 文物,稀有珍品 可以用 Rarity 来代替。

Keep sb or sth free from (29 课)

You can’t keep yourselves free from anxieties like tramps.


We put our books in bookcase to keep them free from dust.


3、But no one has to muster up courage to enter a less pretentious antique shop.

The forbidding antique shop is pretentious.


The more expensive kind of clothing shop is usually a forbidding place. But no one has to muster

up courage to enter a less pretentious clothing shop.



4、There is always hope that in its labyrinth of musty, dark, disordered rooms a real rarity will be found amongst the piles of assorted junk that little the floors.



There is always hope that ……

We cherish the hope that ……

You must cherish the hope that one day you will be amply rewarded.

Pieces of paper litter the floor. / The floor is littered with pieces of paper.


5、No one discovers a rarity by chance.

By chance / by accident 偶然地,偶尔地

6、A truly dedicated bargain hunter must have patience, and above all, the ability to recognize the worth of something when he sees it.

Dedicated / concentrated

A truly dedicated person.

--He is a truly dedicated scholar.

--He is a truly dedicated English learner.

Above all : most important of all 最重要的是。承上启下。用来加强语气。

The ability to do something

7、To do this, he must be at least as knowledgeable as the dealer.

To do this : in order to discover a rarity

8、Like a scientist bent on making a discovery, he must cherish the hope that one day he will be amply rewarded.

Bent on / bent upon 决心于。 形容词短语做定语修饰 scientist

--He is bent on winning the game.

--He is bent on becoming a bridge player.

Be bent on doing sth / be determined on doing sth / be devoted to / be engaged in

9、He has often described to me how he picked up a masterpiece for a mere $50.

For 花费

A mere : only

He found a great deal to interest him.

He found a lot of interesting things.


The morning passed rapidly and Frank was about to leave when he noticed a large packing case lying on the floor.

Be about to do sth

Be about to when ( at the moment )…….表示正要或刚要干什么,突然

--I was about to leave when the telephone rang.

--He was about to lock door when his friend visited him.

10、The morning passed rapidly and Frank just come in, but that he could not be bothered to open it.

Bother : trouble 打扰

--Don’t bother / trouble to come here tomorrow.

--I would not like to be bothered / troubled by you every day.

Disturb 语气更为强烈,又指心烦意乱的心理状态,有时也指严重的精神错乱。

--The news has disturbed me very much.

--It is disturbing to think that a wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside .

Disturbing / disturbed

Trouble 在含义上介于 disturb / bother 之间

Apart from an interesting-looking carved dagger, the box was full of crockery, much of it broken.

Apart from 除……之外,还有

=In addition to


--Apart from a slight headache , I feel all right now.

the box was full of crockery, and much of it broken. 独立主格结构

Dish is done , he begged his wife not to sweep the floor.

--She ran into the room , her face covered with tears.

--He lay in bed , his face exposed.

11、Frank gently lifted the crockery out of the box an suddenly noticed a miniature painting at the bottom of the packing case.

At the bottom of 在底部

At the top of 在顶部

Frank could hardly conceal his excitement, for he knew that he had made a real discovery.

Conceal one’s excitement 掩饰激动心情

Make a real discovery 做出发现

The tiny painting proved to be an unknown masterpiece by Correggio and was worth hundreds of thousands of pounds.

hundreds of thousands of 几十万


1、The word justice is usually associated with courts of law.

be associated with = be connected with , be related to : 与…相联系

We might say that justice has been done when a man's innocence or guilt has been proved beyond doubt.

2、We might say that :我们也许会说(重点框架)一种不太肯定的口气

--We might say that justice has been done. 我们也许会说正义得到了伸张。

beyond prep.(介词):超出某种范围,限度,主要是和名词进行搭配

beyond doubt 无可怀疑

--He has been proved to be innocent beyond doubt. 他已经被证据确凿的证明无罪了。

beyond belief 难以相信

beyond words 难以形容

beyond des cription 难以描述

beyond question 难以质疑

beyond hope 没有希望

beyond recovery 康复无望

beyond dispute 无可争议

beyond controversy 无可争辩

beyond imagination 难以想象

beyond measure 难以衡量

beyond understanding 难以理解

beyond comparison 无与伦比

beyond one’s …超出某人的…

--Your beauty is beyond my des cription. 你的美是我无法用言词形容的。

3、Justice is part of the complex machinery of the law.

part of :部分, 前面没有冠词

--Only part of his story is true. 他的话有一部分是真实的

parts of : 几部分,若干部分

--Parts of the log book were recognized. 航海日志的若干部分还是能被辨认出来的.

--Large parts of the house were destroyed in the fire.房屋的大部分在火灾中烧毁了。

无论是 part of 还是 parts of 后面都要带单数名词

4、Those who seek it, undertake an arduous journey and can never be sure that they will find it.


Judges, however wise or eminent, are human and can make mistakes.


however = no matter how

5、There are rare instances when justice almost ceases to be an abstract concept.


There are rare instances when :在极个别的情况下。

--There are rare instances when women are not equal to men.


cease: (正式)彻底的停止,暗指动作的突然性

--His heart suddenly ceased to beat. 他的心脏突然停止了跳动。

ceased to do 与动词不定式连用


--The car suddenly stopped. 车突然停了。

6、Reward or punishment are meted out quite independent of human interference.


quite independent of human interference


He deserves it. / It serves him right. 罪有应得

7、At such times, justice acts like a living force.


At such times :在有的时候

8、When we use a phrase like 'it serves him right', we are, in part, admitting that a certain set of circumstances has enabled justice to act of its own accord.



we are , in part , admitting that 我们部分的承认了…

enabled sb. to do 使什么能够做某事

of its own accord 自然而然的

9、When a thief was caught on the premises of large jewellery store on morning, the shop assistants must have found it impossible to resist the temptation to say 'it serves him right.'


二三自然段衔接相当紧密,再次提到'it serves him right.'

found it impossible to resist the temptation to say…(双否)背诵

Towards midday, a girl heard a muffed cry coming from behind on of the walls.


come from behind : 从后面

--He jumped from behind one of the trees. 他从树后跳了出来。

10、As the cry was repeated several times, she ran to tell the manager who promptly rang up the fire brigade.


promptly=immediately 马上

11、They located the right chimney by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries.


located the right chimney 确定那个烟囱

by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries

and 连接前后形式相一致。

listen for : pay attention ,so as to be sure of hearing 表示集中注意力,等待听到某种声音

--We are listening for the clock to announce the New Year.


--I’m listening for your steps.


12、The sorry-looking, blackened figure that emerged, admitted at once that he had tried to break into the shop during the night but had got stuck in the chimney.


emerged :出现 = came out , appeared

get stuck : 被卡住


1、a chance in a million one chance in a thousand 可能性小

eg. It is a chance in a million to meet you here.在这儿见到你可真是不容易呀

He let out a s cream that must can be heard in Peru.


2、We are less credulous than we used to be.


eg. We are less credulous than we used to be. 我们不再像以前那样轻信于人了。

are 表示现在的情况 / used to be 过去的情况

eg. We are not so honest as we used to be.我们不像过去那么诚实了.

谓语动词是 be 动词的时候用 used to be, 而不用 used to

谓语动词是使役动词的时候用 used to

eg. He works less hard than he used to.

3、In the nineteenth century, a novelist would bring his story to a conclusion be presenting his readers with a series of coincidences – most of them wildly improbable.



Them 指一系列的巧合 而其中大部分的巧合事件发生的机率是极小的

bring sth. to a conclusion 结束

eg. They decided to bring the meeting to a conclusion.

bring sth. to a close (比较正式的)

eg. It was ...who brought meeting to a close.

present sb. with sth. 给某人提供…

present sth. to sb.

4、Readers happily accepted the fact that an obscure maid-servant was really the hero’s mother.

Along-lost brother, who was presumed dead, was really alive all the time and wickedly

plotting to bring about the hero’s downfall.

wickedly plotting to… 居心叵测的密谋把这个英雄搞下台来……

bring about: 产生, 引起

eg. Modern science has brought about great changes in life.

And so on. Modern readers would find such naïve solutions totally unacceptable.


find such naive solutions totally unacceptable 觉得这种解决办法很天真不能够被接受

find sth. interesting 觉得什么有意思

find sb. beautiful 觉得某人漂亮

5、Yet, in real life, circumstances do sometimes conspire to bring about coincidences which anyone but a nineteenth century novelist would find incredible. .记此句


6、A German taxi-driver, Franz Bussman , recently found a brother who was thought to have been killed twenty years before.

who was thought…….

who 所引导的定语从句修饰 brother

7、While on a walking tour with his wife, he stopped to talk to a workman. After they had gone on , Mrs. Bussman commented on the workman’s close resemblance to here husband and even suggested that he might be his brother.

he was on a walking tour………..省略了 he

comment on sth 就...作出评论\评价--remark on

Bussman 夫人对工人作出评价说长得和他的兄弟很像,甚至暗示说就是他的兄弟…

eg:I can't explain how it is that he is still here.

be separated from

make one's way

8、Franz poured scorn on the idea, pointing out that his brother had been killed in action during the war. Though Mrs. Bussman was fully acquainted with this story, she thought that there was a chance in a million that she might be right.


9、A few days later, she sent a boy to the workman to ask him if his name was Hans Bussman.

10、Needless to say , the man’s name was Hans Bussman and he really was Franz’s long-lost brother. When the brothers were re-united, Hans explained how it was that he was still alive.

explained how it was…..汉斯解释说他依旧活着是怎么一回事。

11、After having been wounded towards the end of the war, he had been sent to hospital and was separated from his unit. The hospital had been bombed and Hans had made his way back into Western Germany on foot.

Make one’s way…力尽艰辛……….

12、Meanwhile , his unit was lost and all records of him had been destroyed. Hans returned to his family home, but the house had been bombed and no one in the neighbourhood knew what had become of the inhabitants. Assuming that his family had been killed during an air-raid, Hans settled down in a village fifty miles away where he had remained ever since.

all records of him had been destroyed….他所有的资料都被毁掉了

become of :happen to :发生遭遇\不幸的事件,多用于疑问句,主语必须是 what 或whatever

eg. Whatever became of that girl?

Please explain what became of you yesterday.

用 assuming,而不用 presuming:主观上的臆断\无事实根据的


1、We have learnt to expect that trains will be punctual.


have learnt to expect that …… 已经习惯于期待……

--We have learnt to expect that all friends will be helpful in need of danger.

2、After years of conditioning, most of us have developed an unshakable faith in railway time-tables.

(1). 介词 of 后接动名词形式,意为:经过多年的适应.

(2). Develop an unshakable faith in sth. 对于……形成了一种不可动摇的信念。

(3). 全句译文:经过多年的适应,大多数人对火车时刻表产生了一种不可动摇的信念。

--We have learnt to expect that parents are quite able, after years of pre-conditioning all of us have developed such unshakable faith. 我们已经习惯于期待父母总是能干的,经过多年的适


--Most of us have developed an unshakable faith in our teachers.

On time = punctual a. 准时的

3、Only an exceptionally heavy snow fall might temporarily dislocate railway services.

Exceptionally = unusual / uncommonly 不同寻常的,特别的(用于加强语气)


Dislocate railway services = put railway services out of order

4、It is all too easy to blame the railway authorities when something does go wrong.

When something does go wrong. 当事情出现差错时

It is all too easy to blame the railway authorities. 我们总是去责备铁路.

Too .. to 结构中,在 too 之前出现了 all, only, but, not 等词时,to 后的从句就有肯定意义。

--He is but too eager to get home. 他太急于要回家了。

--One is never too old to learn. 活到老学到老。

--I’m all/but too glad to have someone to speak to.

5、They are more likely to be ours than theirs.


Ours = our mistakes. Theirs = their mistakes.

句型:be likely to do 有可能…

--He is likely to arrive tomorrow evening.

--You are likely to get success if you work hard.

与 likely(有可能的) 有关的句型:

1. be likely to do

2. It is likely that……

--It is likely that he arrives here in time. 他及到达这里是有可能的。


1. probable 与 likely 意思相通,但是 不能与不定式形式搭配。可以用:It is probable that …

--It is probable that he arrives here in time.

probable 表示的可能性比 possible 表示的可能性要大,与 likely 基本相同。

2.possible 表示可能发生或可能不发生,也可以用句型:It is possible that …

--It is possible/probable that he will speak to you.

--It is possible for us to finish the work in an hour.

6、After consulting my railway time-table

After consulting 是介词+动名词构成的时间状语,=after I had consulted my timetable.

Go direct from … to … 从哪儿径直到哪儿。

--The train goes direct from shanghai to Beijing.

At this time, this did not strike me as odd.


Strike sb as 给某人以印象,使某人感到

--The activity struck me as wasting time. 这次活动给我的印象就是浪费时间。

As 后面可以接分词,名词,形容词。

I reflected that there must be a great many people besides myself who wished to take advantage of this excellent service.

I reflected : 我想

Besides me = in addition to me 除我之外

Hold up = hold back / hinder / prevent 妨碍,阻碍

It suddenly dawned on me that this express was not roaring down the line at ninety miles an hour, but barely chugging along at thirty.

Dawn on sb. = become gradually known by sb 渐渐的被某人所明白

Barely = only

But he had not even heard of it.

Hear of = hear about

Denied the train’s existence 否认存在

There was a note of triumph in my voice when I told him that it was there in black and white.

A note of = a tone : 在我的声音里面存在着一种胜利的口吻。

In black and white 白纸黑字

A tiny asterisk conducted me to a footnote at the bottom of the page. It said:’ This service has been suspended.’

Conduct me to = lead me to

Suspend = delay 暂停


1.新概念英语第三册第44课:Speed and comfort

2.新概念英语第三册第36课:A chance in a million

3.新概念英语第三册第35课:Justice was done

4.新概念英语第一册第41-42课:Penny's bag


6.新概念英语第二册第71课:A famous clock


8.新概念英语第四册第11课:How to grow old


10.新概念英语第四册第20课:Snake poison