1、Kidnappers are rarely interested in animals, but they recently took considerable interest in Mrs.
Rarely = seldom adv.很少地
be interest in = take interest in (一句话中用不同的表达方式, 是为了避免从复)
took great interest in = take enormous/tremendous interest in
2、Eleanor Ramsay's cat. Mrs. Eleanor Ramsay, a very wealthy old lady, has shared a flat with her cat, Rastus, for a great many years.
share something with somebody 和某人分享某物
-- I share the room with my friend.
For a great many years = for a long time.
3、Rastus leads an orderly life. He usually takes a short walk in the evenings and is always home by seven o'clock.
Orderly adj.有秩序的, 有顺序的
Discipline v.训练 n.纪律, 学科
Regular adj.规则的, 有秩序的
takes a short walk = goes for a walk = goes for a stroll
stroll n.漫步, 闲逛
4、One evening, however, he failed to arrive.
Mrs. Ramsay got very worried. She looked everywhere for him but could not find him.
However 的使用表明：he isn’t home that evening.
look for, find
5、There days after Rastus' disappearance, Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter.
-- three days after Johnson’s arrival. 约翰逊到来三天之后。
-- three days after the kidnapper’s appearance.
6、The writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands and would be returned immediately if Mrs. Ramsay paid a ransom of $1,000.
7、Mrs. Ramsay was instructed to place the money in a cardboard box and to leave it outside her door.
Instruct = order(vt.命令) = tell formally(adv.正式地, 形式上)
be instructed to do something
-- The journalist was instructed to obtain the exact statistics.
8、At first she decided to go to the police, but fearing that she would never see Rastus again –the letter had made that quite clear -- she changed her mind.
make it clear to somebody that…(it 是形式主语)
-- The teacher has made it clear to us that we must read English aloud every day.
9、She withdrew $1000 from her bank and followed the kidnapper's instructions.
10、The next morning, the box had disappeared but Mrs. Ramsay was sure that the kidnapper would keep his word.
Keep his word = keep his promise 遵守诺言
word 表示诺言时, 要采用单数形式
keep his word 遵守诺言 / break his word 失信用
give somebody one's word 向某人保证
-- I give you my word that I will return your bicycle.
as good as one's word 表示守信用(侧重点在于强调一个结果)
-- He promised to pay me the money and he was as good as his word.
go back on one's word 食言, 违背诺言
11、Sure enough, Rastus arrived punctually at seven o'clock that evening.
sure enough 强调确实如此
-- I said it would happen, and sure enough it did happen.
12、He looked very well though he was rather thirsty, for he drank half a bottle of milk.
half a bottle of milk 半瓶牛奶
half the money 一半的钱 / half the distance 一半的距离
13、The police were astounded when Mrs. Ramsay told them what she had done.
She explained that Rastus was very dear to her.
14、Considering the amount she paid, he was dear in more ways than one!
in more ways than one = in many ways
dear 具有双重意义(即是亲爱的, 又是昂贵的)
1、In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of f1,000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel.
the first man who would fly across… = the first man to fly across...
序数词和动词不定式 to 搭配连用可以代替其后的定语从句
-- the first person to greet him was a local policeman
-- She was the only one to survive the plane crash. 她是幸存与飞机失事的人。
= She was the only one that survive the plane crash.
2、Over a year passed before the first attempt was made.
如果 before 所引导的时间状语从句之前出现段时间(则翻译方法：才...)
attempt n.努力, 尝试, 企图 vt.尝试, 企图(attempt 的语气比 try 强烈)
in one's attempt
-- She failed in her attempt to swim the English Channel. 她横度英吉利海峡的尝试失败了。
make an attempt on
-- He made an attempt on the mountain. 他试图攀登那座山。
make an attempt to do
-- She made every attempt to run away. 她想尽一切办法逃走。
make no attempt
-- She made no attempt to run away. 她没有想逃走。
3、On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning, Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV.'
4、He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on sea.
When = at that moment
Failed = break down 失灵, 出故障
-- She failed to win the prize.
-- When I saw him, my words failed me. 当我见到他的时候, 我不知道说什么好了。
be forced to do 被迫做某事
5、The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
picked up = save = rescue
6、Two days alter, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'. Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his lattes model.
with a plane(with 具有、带有)-- a suitcase with a handle
7、A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles.
= A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight and during the flight he covered
-- during which = during flight
8、Latham, however, did not give up easily.
He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antoinette'.
9、It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.
It looked as if 似乎, 看起来
-- It looked as if there would be a heavy storm.
10、Both planes were going to take off on July 25th, but Latham failed to get up early nough.
11、After making a short test flight at 4,15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later.
make a short test flight 做段距离试飞之后
12、His great flight lasted thirty-seven minutes.
13、When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman.
= When he landed near Dover, the first person who greeted him was a local oliceman.
14、over, but he was unlucky again.
make another attempt 做了另一次试飞
15、His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.
for the first time / for the second time
1、Did George get anything for his fifty pence? What?
Children always appreciate small gifts of money.
= Children always appreciate pocket money as small gifts.孩子们总是喜欢得到些零花钱
-- Husbands always appreciate small gifts of beer money.
2、Mum or dad, of course, provide a regular supply of pocket money, but uncles and aunts are always a source of extra income.
provide a regular supply of... 定期地提供…
provide sth for sb / provide sb with sth 为某人提供某物
-- The villagers provided a regular supply of food for the soldiers.
= The villagers provided the soldiers with a regular supply of food
small gifts of money, pocket money, extra income 都表示零花钱。
3、With some children, small sums go a long way.
此句暗含：with other children, small sums can’t go a long way.
go a long way 维持很久
-- The money we have will go a long way.
go a long way towards 对...大有帮助
-- This will go a long way towards overcoming the difficulty.(overcome vt.战胜, 克服)
介词 with 和 for 的区别：
For(介词)：关于, 对于...来说, 考虑到...的事实
-- The weather is quite warm for November.
-- For him, this will be an entirely new hobby.
-- With some people, pleasure is more important than work.
-- Some people may accept that excuse, but it won't work with me.
4、If fifty pence pieces are not exchanged for sweets, they rattle for months inside money boxes.
Pence 便士(penny, pennies 都是 pence 的复数：)
a fifty pence 一个五十便士的硬币
fifty pennies 五十一便士的硬币
exchange for 换取, 以...来交换
-- The little boy exchanged his pen for candy.(candy n.糖果, 冰糖)
rattle vt.(拟声词) 叮当作响 = tinkle(vi, vt (使)发玎玲声, (使)发出玎当声)
-- The car roar by me. / Listen, a lion is roaring.
shout at 大喊大叫 = bark at
grunt vi.(猪等)作呼噜声 vt.咕哝着说出
-- He is grunting.(adj.咕咙的, 哼哼唧唧的)
slam v.砰地关上, 砰地放下
5、Only very thrifty children manage to fill up a money box.
fill up 装满
up to(表示到达目的地) -- She ran up to him. 她跑到他面前。
Towards(表示朝某个方向) -- She ran towards him. 她向他跑去。
2> 表示沿着, 走向更远的地方(侧重强调距离更远了)
-- They walked up the street. 他们沿着街道走远了。
-- They children run up the garden path to greet their father.
-- Drink up your whisky. / Eat up your vegetable.
-- Finish it up. 完成它 / burn up 烧光 / use up 用光
4> 表示积存, 从少到多, 积小成多
-- We must lay up some boiled food for the winter.
Lay up 贮存 = store up 储藏, hold up, gather up 收集起
5> 表示从河的下游到上游, 河流入口处以上到源头的某一点
-- They are sailing up the Thames. 他们正沿着泰晤士河而上。
-- The house is up the river. 这个房子在河的上游。
-- button up 扣上纽扣(-- button your coat up 把外衣的纽扣扣上)
-- wrap up 包裹起来(wrap up the shoes with newspaper 用报纸把鞋子包起来)
-- lock up 锁起来(lock the house up 用锁把房子锁起来)
-- fasten up 拴紧, 钉牢, 锁牢 / save up 储蓄, 贮存
-- wash up 洗涤餐具, 洗手洗脸, 把…冲上岸 / do up 重新整修, 包好
6、For most of them, fifty pence is a small price to pay for a nice big bar of chocolate.
fifty pence is small price to pay = fifty pence is not much to pay
a small price = not much money 并不是很多
-- For him two thousand dollars is small price to pay for it.
-- For me five hundred Yuan is not a small price to pay for a bicycle.
7、My nephew, George, has a money box but it is always empty.
Very few of the fifty pence pieces and pound coins I have given him have found their way there.
pound coin n.1 英镑硬币
find their way there = reach 抵达, 到达, 找到自己的去处
find one’s way into/to…
-- Rivers find their way to the sea.
-- How did such a foolish statement find its way into print? 这样愚蠢的话怎么会被印出来了?
-- All my books have already found their way there.
8、I gave him fifty pence yesterday and advised him to save it.
advise sb to do sth 说服某人做某事(结果是失败的)
persuade sb to do sth 说服某人做某事(结果是成功的)
9、Instead he bought himself fifty pence worth of trouble.
fifty pence worth of trouble 五十便士的麻烦
10、On his way to the sweet shop, he dropped his fifty pence and it bounced along the pavement and then disappeared down a drain.
11、George took off his jacket, rolled up his sleeves and pushed is right arm through the drain cover.
系列的动词构成平行结构：take off, rolled up, push
roll vi.滚动 vt.滚动
-- The pencil rolled(vi.) under the table.
-- He rolled(vt.) the ball towards the puppy.(puppy n.(常指未满一岁的)小狗, 小动物)
roll up 卷起, 挽起
-- We will need to roll up the carpet.
12、He could not find his fifty pence piece anywhere, and what is more, he could no get his arm out.
What is more important. 更重要的是 / What is worse. 更糟糕的是
What is more. 更有甚者 / What is rare. 更罕见的是
-- He went to the meeting, and what is worse, insisted on speaking.
-- He is an interesting speaker, and what is more important, he knows his subject thoroughly.
13、A crowd of people gathered round him and a lady rubbed his arm with soap and butter, but George was firmly stuck.
gather round… 聚在…周围
rubbed his arm with… 用...涂抹在胳膊上
firmly adv.稳固的, 坚定的(加强语气)
14、The fire brigade was called and two fire fighter freed George using a special type of grease.
fire fighter n.救火队员
15、George was not too upset by his experience because the lady who owns the sweet shop heard about his troubles and rewarded him with large box of chocolates.
Rewarded sb with… 用...来奖赏某人
1、Mary and her husband Dimitri lived in the tiny village of Perachora in southern Greece.
in the tiny village of...
-- in the big city of Beijing. / in the beautiful city of Paris.
in southern Greece = in the south of Greece
2、One of Mary's prize possessions was a little white lamb which her husband had given her.
-- What I possess is valuable.= My possessions are valuable.
Belonging n.随身携带物, 附属品, 附件
3、She kept it tied to a tree in a field during the day and went to fetch it every evening.
--keep 和过去分词搭配, 过去分词和宾语之间是逻辑上的动宾关系。
--keep 和现在分词搭配, 宾语和现在分词之间是逻辑上的主谓关系。
-- I keep my windows closed in winter. / I keep the dog locked in the kitchen.
-- I kept the boy standing outside.
4、One evening, however, the lamb was missing. The rope had been cut, so it was obvious that the lamb had been stolen.
It is obvious that... 显而易见…
5、When Dimitri came in from the fields, his wife told him what had happened. Dimitri at once set out to find the thief.
set out to do sth 开始着手做某事 (set about doing…)
6、He knew it would not prove difficult in such a small village.
After telling several of his friends about the theft, Dimitri found out that his neighbour,
7、Aleko, had suddenly acquired a new lamb.
tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事
-- He told the police about the theft.
8、Dimitri immediately went to Aleko's house and angrily accused him of stealing the lamb.
9、He told him he had better return it or he would call the police.
He can't be ill or he wouldn't have come. 他不可能生病了要不他就不会来了。
or else… 否则…
-- Your room is so dirty. Clear it promptly, or else....。
10、Aleko denied taking it and led Dimitri into his backyard.
Lead vt.vi.(led, led, leading)引导;指引
-- He led us to his home. 他把我们带到他家。
11、It was true that he had just bought a lamb, he explained, but his lamb was black.
It is true that…but... 诚然…但是…
-- It is true that the work is hard, but we'll finish it ahead.(adj.adv.提前,向前,在前面)
12、Ashamed of having acted so rashly, Dimitri apologized to Aleko for having accused him.
Ashamed 前省略了 be 动词。
-- Angry at everybody here, he left suddenly.
-- Anxious for a quick decision, he called his friends.
-- Nervous, the man opened the letter.
13、While they were talking it began to rain and Dimitri stayed in Aleko's house until the rain stopped. When he went outside half an hour later, he was astonished to find the little blacklamb was almost white. Its wool, which had been dyed black, had been washed clean by the rain!
1、Verrazano, an Italian about whom little is known, sailed into New York Harbour in 1524 and named it Angouleme.
sailed into... 是句子的主干
about whom(whom 指代 Italian)
2、He described it as 'a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.'
describe something as… 把某物描述成…
-- I should describe the attempt as a failure. 我把这次尝试描述成失败。
后面可以加 as 的动词：see, view, look upon, recognize, regard, treat, accept
-- His mother regards him as genius. (genius n.天才, 天赋)
-- I accepted his words as truth. 我对他的话信以为真。
Located 过去分词做定语修饰 situation
-- I like the village located within two small hills.
= I like the village which is located within two small hills.
in the midst of which...
-- A great river flowed in the middle of the two hills.
In the midst of = in the middle of
In the middle of 不仅可以表示方位上的中间, 还可以表示时间上的中间。
-- in the middle of the river / in the middle of the night / in the middle of the winter
介词短语在 which 前, which 引导的从句要倒装。
-- We arrived at a farmhouse in front of which was a mountain.
3、Though Verrazano is by no means considered to be a great explorer, his name will probably remain immortal, for on November 21st, 1964, the longest suspension bridge in the world was named after him.
Though / although / even though 引导让步状语从句
用了 though, although 不能使用 but
但可以用 yet 来强调转折关系
-- Though they manage to take photographs, yet they got into trouble soon.
by no means(= not by any means = not at all)
-- It is by no means pleasant to take a crowded bus.
-- He isn't satisfied with a job at all. = He isn't satisfied with a job by any means.
in no way, in no case, in no sense, in no circumstances(circumstance n.环境,详情,境况)
on no account, at no time 都表示决不
be named after…, be named for…, take one's name from… 都表示用…来命名
4、The Verrazano Bridge, which was designed by Othmar Ammann, joins Brooklyn to Staten Island. It has a span of 4,260 feet.
a span of 跨度、桥长
5、The bridge is so long that the shape of the earth had to be taken into account by its designer.
take into account = take into consideration = take account of 考虑到
-- We have to take the date into account when we have the meeting.
6、Two great towers support four huge cables.
Support = hold up 举起, 支撑
7、The towers are built on immense underwater platforms made of steel and concrete. The platforms extend to a depth of over 100 feet under the sea.
Extend(延伸, 伸展)= reach, stretch
-- a railway extends to the next city.
8、These alone took sixteen months to build.
= It took the workers sixteen months to build the platforms.
9、Above the surface of the water, the towers rise to a height of nearly 700 feet.
extend to a depth of… 伸展的深度
extend to a length of… 伸展的长度
extend to a width of… 伸展的宽度 (width n.宽度, 宽广 )
rise to a height of… 伸展的高度
10、They support the cables from which the bridge has been suspended.
which 指代先行词 cables
11、Each of the four cables contains 26,108 lengths of wire.
It has been estimated that if the bridge were packed with cars, it would still only be carrying a third of its total capacity.
12、It has been estimated that...(It is said that… It is reported that…)
It has been estimated, It has been expected
a third of… …的 1/3
13、However, size and strength are not the only important things about this bridge.
14、Despite its immensity, it is both simple and elegant, fulfilling its designer's dream to create'an enormous object drawn as faintly as possible'.
Immensity 指代 size
Despite = in spite of
Fulfill vt.履行, 实现, 完成(计划等)
-- The bus was held up by the snowstorm, causing the delay.(hold up 阻挡, 拦截)
-- Her husband died in 1970, leaving her with her children.
-- At last he passed his examination, fulfilling his dream to go abroad.
1.新概念英语第三册第44课:Speed and comfort
2.新概念英语第三册第36课:A chance in a million
3.新概念英语第三册第35课:Justice was done
8.新概念英语第二册第71课:A famous clock
9.新概念英语第二册第74课:Out of the limelight
10.新概念英语第四册第11课:How to grow old