新概念英语第二册第47课:A thirsty ghost
Lesson 47 A thirsty ghost嗜酒的鬼魂First listen and then answer the question.
What evidence is there of a ghost?
A public house which was recently bought by Mr.Ian Thompson is up for sale. Mr.Thompson is going to sell it because it is haunted. He told me that he could not go to sleep one night because he heard a strange noise coming from the bar. The next morning, he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the furniture had been moved. Though Mr.Thompson had turned the lights off before he went to bed, they were on in the morning. He also said that he had found five empty whisky bottles which the ghost must have drunk the night before. When I suggested that some villagers must have come in for a free drink, Mr.Thompson shook his head. The villagers have told him that they will not accept the pub even if he gives it away.
伊恩.汤普森先生最近才买的一个小酒店现在又要卖出去。汤普森先生之所以想卖它，是因为那里常闹鬼。他告诉我有天夜里他怎么也睡不着，因为他听到酒吧里传 来一阵奇怪的响声。第二天早上，他发现酒吧间的门被椅子堵上了，家具也被挪动过。虽然汤普森临睡觉时把灯关了，但早晨灯却都亮着。他还说他发现了5只空的 威士忌瓶子，肯定是鬼魂昨天晚上喝的。当我暗示说一定是村里有些人来喝不花钱的酒时，汤普森先生摇了摇头。村里的人已经告诉他，即使他把小酒店白送人，他们也不要。
New words and Expressions生词和短语
Lesson 47 自学导读First things first课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．A public house which was recently bought by Mr. Ian Thompson is up for sale. 伊恩·汤普森先生最近才买的一个小酒店现在又要卖出去。
I had lunch at a village pub.
（2）up for sale表示“供新概念”，up为形容词，含义为“已提出的”、“供……的”。
2．He told me that he could not go to sleep one night because he heard a strange noise coming from the bar. 他告诉我有天夜里他怎么也睡不着，因为他听到酒吧里传来一阵奇怪的响声。
（2）coming为现在分词，它引导的短语修饰noise，为宾语补足语。它也可以变为从句结构：a strange noise that came from the bar。在一些表示感觉的动词如see，hear，feel，watch，notice 等之后，往往用宾语+宾语补足语这个结构，其宾语补足语既可以是不定式（通常不加to），也可以是现在分词，两者在意义上区别不大，现在分词表示动作正在 发生，不定式则表示动作发生了：
I heard someone knocking at the door.
I heard you sing this song yesterday.
3．…they were on in the morning.……早晨灯都亮着。
When he arrived home, he found that all the lights were on/ off.
Is the TV on? I thought I had turned it off.
4．He also said that he had found five empty whisky bottles which the ghost must have drunk the night before. 他还说他发现了5只空的威士忌酒瓶子，这肯定是鬼魂头天晚上喝的。
（2）that引导的为间接引语，因此时间状语要变动。直接引语中的时间状语为 last night，转述时变成了 the night before。其他时间状语的变化有：now→then，two days ago→two days before/ earlier，today→that day，tonight→that night，tomorrow→the next/ following day，last night→the night before等。
5．…they will not accept the pub even if he gives it away.……即使他把小酒店白送人，他们也不要。
（1）连词 even if表示“即使”，它引导的让步状语从句含有很强的假定性：
I won't have dinner with him even if he pays for it.
He gave all his books away to the library.
语法 Grammar in use
在第36～45课的语法中，我们学习了用 going to表示意图、打算或不久即将发生的事；学习了用将来完成时表示到将来某一时刻已经完成的动作；学习了与过去完成时经常连用的连词no sooner…than，hardly… when以及 before；学习了间接疑问句、第2类条件句；学习了表示“必要”、“不必要”的情态助动词must，have（got）to和need；学习了 have+ 名词代替普通动词，can与 be able to的区别和过去完成时中的被动语态。注意以下句子：
Are you going to visit Old Delhi?
I would if I could, but I can't afford it.
Did you speak to the manager?
He didn't come, so I didn't have to speak to him after all.
他没来，所以我终究没有必要和他谈。（ have to用于过去时表示必要）
I've called a taxi.
You needn't have done that! I'd already called one.
He had no sooner returned than he bought a house.
By the end of next year, they will have finished work on the new stadium.
He asked if/ whether Mr. Gilbert' s operation had been successful.
We had a long walk through one of the markets of Old Delhi.
我们穿过旧德里的一个市场时走了很长一段路。（had a walk = walked）
The plane was then able to rise.
于是飞机可以上升了。（表示成功地完成过去某一动作时只能用 be able to，不用 could）
The wallet had been wrapped up in newspaper and it contained half the money he had lost.
词汇学习 Word study
I suggested that some villagers must have come in for a free drink.
His silence suggested that he knew something about the man.
Who suggested that idea to you?
I suggest that we meet at the restaurant.
I suggest meeting at the restaurant.
（1）vt., vi. 摇，摇动，抖动：
Mr. Thompson shook his head.
Why did you shake the tree?
His hands appear to be shaking.
Dan shook hands with him.
Dan shook him by the hand／shook his hand. （译文同上）